How to integrate Quotations and Paraphrases

Learn the tips, techniques and strategies to effectively communicate your thoughts and ideas on paper. Apply today to get a comprehensive liberal arts education that will improve your writing abilities.

how to introduce quotations

Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. When Hamlet tells Rosencrantz that he “could be bounded in a nutshell and count self a king of infinite space” (Hamlet 2.2), he implies that thwarted ambition did not cause his depression. Use the words of the quote grammatically within your own sentence. Interrupt the quote with an attribution to the speaker. Again, you will need to use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution. Hamlet denies Rosencrantz’s claim that thwarted ambition caused his depression.

Capitalization and Punctuation

To put a quote in an essay, incorporate it directly into a sentence if it’s shorter than 4 typed lines. For example, you could write “According to researchers,” and then insert the quote. If a quote is longer than 4 typed lines, set it off from the rest of the paragraph, and don’t put quotes around it. After the quote, include an in-text citation so readers know where quoting an article in an essay it’s from. The right way to cite the quote will depend on whether you’re using MLA, APA, or Chicago Style formatting. For instance, you may prefer to use a long block quote to present a passage from a literary work that demonstrates the author’s style. However, let’s say you were using a journal article to provide a critic’s perspective on an author’s work.

  1. This scenario is probably most common in literature and linguistics courses, but you might also find yourself writing about the use of language in history and social science classes.
  2. After the quote, include an in-text citation so readers know where it’s from.
  3. There are more descriptive verbs that can introduce a quotation.
  4. Quoting your sources will help to support your ideas, and should only serve as a portion of your paper.
  5. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage.
  6. At the end of the sentence containing the quotation, provide a parenthetical citation of the page or line number, and put a period at the end of the whole sentence.

A clause that ends in a speaking verb such as asks and says cannot function as a standalone sentence, and should be followed by a comma. Choice informative essay meaning B begins with an independent clause, which could function as a complete sentence. This makes a colon the appropriate choice for Choice B.

Citing Your Quote

Indent the block quote by .5 inches (1.3 cm) from the left margin. Make sure your entire quote is indented so that your reader will recognize that it’s set off from the rest of the text. You still need to use quotation marks even if you’re only quoting a few words.

  1. According to the author, children with ADD have a shorter attention span than children without ADD (author’s last name, year, p. ##).
  2. Be sure that you don’t fundamentally change the meaning of the quotation by omitting material.
  3. However, it is appropriate to use quotations in your writing, especially in research writing.
  4. Remember, your writing should contain mostly your words and ideas!
  5. This technique also applies to multiple phrases or clauses.
  6. However, do include a citation to let your reader know where you found those ideas.

We provide general guidelines and specific suggestions about blending your prose and quoted material as well as information about formatting logistics and various rules for handling outside text. Usually, you’ll only need block quotes for passages with more than 40 words . The exact rules depend on the reference system you’re using, though, so be sure to check your style guide. And, when in doubt, you can always submit a document for proofreading. We can help make sure your quotations are fully integrated into the rest of your text. Paraphrases and summaries work just like a direct quote, except that you don’t need to put quotation marks around them because you’re using your own words to restate ideas. Using a direct quote in your essay is a great way to support your ideas with concrete evidence, which you need to support your thesis.

Including supplemental information that your reader needs in order to understand the quotation

There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines , then set it off as a block quotation. If the quotation is an incomplete sentence, it can be introduced with the source’s name and a communication verb or introductory phrase—no comma or colon is necessary.

Question marks and exclamation points go outside of the final quotation mark if the punctuation mark is part of your sentence–your question or your exclamation (“like this”?). Those marks go inside of the final quotation mark if they are a part of the original–the writer’s question or exclamation (“like this!”). You should never have a quotation standing alone as a complete sentence, or, worse, as an incomplete sentence, in your writing.


The author reveals his true feelings with his ironic remark that we should “just resort to cannibalism to defeat world hunger” (p. ##). The author declares, “All people, rich or poor, should pay the same taxes to the government” (p. ##). We see this self doubt again in the second scene, when Agatha comments, “Oh, bridge statement examples times like this I just don’t know whether I am right or wrong, good or bad” (p. ##). As the authornotes, “In an ideal classroom, both gifted children and learning disabled children should feel challenged” (p.##). The authors stated, “Educators should control their students” (Johnson et al., 2010, p. 57).

how to introduce quotations

Single space or double space within the block quotation, depending on the style guidelines of your discipline (MLA, CSE, APA, Chicago, etc.). Dividing the quote may highlight a particular nuance of the quote’s meaning. In the first example, the division calls attention to the two parts of Hamlet’s claim. The first phrase states that nothing is inherently good or bad; the second phrase suggests that our perspective causes things to become good or bad. In the second example, the isolation of “Death thou shalt die” at the end of the sentence draws a reader’s attention to that phrase in particular. As you decide whether or not you want to break up a quote, you should consider the shift in emphasis that the division might create. Besides the usual Smith states, Smith believes, or Smith suggests, there are other methods a writer can use to introduce quotes in their paper.

Apply the Ten Percent Rule in Research Writing

They are used to indicate the information taken from a source with no alterations. This article explains the methods of introducing your quote in an essay. It doesn’t deal with the way you need to cite them, which requires the author’s name, the year of publication, the page number, etc.

  1. On this page we clarify the purpose of using literary quotations in literary analysis papers by exploring why quotations are important to use in your writing and then explaining how to do this.
  2. A quote doesn’t support your ideas unless you analyze it and link it back to your thesis.
  3. And remember that a semicolon (;) never is used to introduce quotations.
  4. If you wanted to begin a sentence with an excerpt from the middle of this quotation, there would be no need to bracket your capitalization changes.
  5. That is necessary if you need some previous context to understand the meaning of the quote or if you want to make sure that pronouns agree with their antecedents.
  6. Think of the text in terms of units—words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences —and use only the units you need.

For example, you would not use the verb describes if the speaker of the quotation is arguing a strong point. In that case, the verb argues or maintains would be a better choice. If you’re in doubt, it’s best to be cautious and use quotes. In this sentence, define controlling idea In 1910, GK Chesterton wrote about the issue in Alarms and Discursions is an independent clause. Try it risk-free It only takes a few minutes to setup and you can cancel any time. When quoting poetry, indicate line breaks with a slash mark.

EMOJI Themed Motivational Subway Art Posters *Inspiring Quotes* Growth Mindset

Signal phrases provide a seamless transition from the writer’s thoughts to a source’s thoughts and can provide details about the source that highlight credibility and expertise. When using a colon to introduce a quotation, the text before the colon must be a full sentence. The text after the colon, however, can be just a few words. Godfried remarks, “Ignorance is a skill learned by many of the greatest fools” (author’s last name p.##). Use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. Incorporate phrases and pieces of quotations into your own sentence. In the quotation about King Lear at the end of the previous section, “her” replaces the “your” of the original so that the quote fits the point of view of the paper .

  1. Note that when you use “that” after the verb that introduces the quote, you no longer need a comma.
  2. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case.
  3. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.
  4. Sometimes you want to shorten a quote to help your reader better understand why it supports your argument.
  5. Introduce or conclude the quote by attributing it to the speaker.

Toyota Celia .” This quotation shows that not only is consumerism an external ritual but it also permeates our unconscious to the point that we imitate commercials in our sleep. You should also use a comma when you introduce a quotation with a phrase such as “According to Thoreau.” Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma. You can also begin a sentence with your own words and complete it with quoted words.

RL 5 1 PowerPoint: Quote Accurately

Paraphrase the quote to condense it to 1 or 2 sentences, if you can. Paraphrasing is a great way to avoid using a long quote in your paper.

Introduce a long direct quote, then set it off in a block. A long quote is anything that’s longer than 4 typed lines. You’ll present these quotes in a block of text set off from the rest of your paragraph. Because the quote is set off in a block, you don’t need to put quotation marks around it. A short quote is anything that is shorter than 4 typed lines. When you use a short quote, include it directly in your paragraph, along with your own words.

When you are quoting something that is already in quotation marks in the text, use single quotation marks to denote the original quotation and double quotation marks to indicate your own. Similarly, after you have decided that you want to quote material, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point. Think of the text in terms of units—words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences —and use only what makes america great essay the units you need. The paraphrased passage should not look or sound like the original passage. If it does, you could be accused of plagiarism, which is the stealing of others’ ideas. Also, just as when you include a quotation, you must tell your reader whose ideas you are paraphrasing. After you provide a quotation, explain how the quotation supports your idea and/or add commentary about what the quotation expresses.

how to introduce quotations

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *